Champion, runner-up, third overall is how come?

Champion is the ancient Chinese imperial examinations--Palace Chin first. Why is it called "champion" and not another? It turns out that after the end of imperial examinations of the Tang dynasty, by the examiner will accept files to the Chancellery, then by the Chancellery languages of issuing, sent to the grant of the Emperor, the issuing of the first was called "head". It is a court official in terminology to use when completing routine. Later, people think "head" is too indecent, so called "champion".
Selected champion in Sui dynasty imperial examinations, established in the Tang dynasty, completed in the song. Ming and Qing dynasties, the Imperial Palace and the second favorite, the name identified as "champion", "second", "third overall" and collectively the "sanding".
From the tanggaozuwude five-year (622 years) to Qing dynasty Guangxu 30 (1904) expedition for the last time, a total of 1282, total admissions recorded names top 654, Wu Zhuang Yuan, 185. Wude was the first champion in the history of five years Sun-Volt gamma, the last champion was 30 years Guangxu Chunlin Liu. First year of the youngest number one scholar is Tang Gao Zong Xianqing (656) Sue Rose and Peranakan four years (673), Guo Yuanzhen, age under 18 years of age at that time; the oldest number one scholars in the Tang dynasty Yin Shu, take part in imperial examination of his life dozens of times, until more than 70 years old to volunteer the examinations of the champion, but examination of the passion. Although a female Emperor Wu Zetian in Chinese history, is rarely seen in the true sense of the female champion. Only the Qing dynasty period of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom, 20 women Fu Shanxiang, participate in the Organization of Taiping Heavenly Kingdom's imperial examinations and became female champion.
"Learn gaining stature" in feudal times, people among career scorers on the examination as the only way. "Ten years nobody asked, gain worldwide fame and success overnight", "the gold room in the book, books in the genre", which inspired countless students sleeping, study assiduously, Yong waterfall leap. Champion, as "Chief world", for its Palace first a first name, also known as "the Temple". Because of its top sanding first, also known as Ding Yuan.
Ancient scorers on the examination will not be easy, after a child test, test, examination, will try, the Imperial Palace for a few stages. Malpractice usually qinming Ministers presided over by the emperor. Once the high school champion, MITRE Court, knocking drums parade make its debut, horse-riding, qianhuhouyong, and good comb. Formerly a couplet is vividly depicted in the top condition before and after:
Old famine, leading No. Out of the crossroads, credit shall not, and shall not, many relatives in waiqin and did nothing, no one much this fluke, yilu is expected. Won five classics the ringleader, surnamed Yang, Yang, both Dick and Harry, celebrated at the heel, is icing on the cake.
As for the "runner-up", China's ancient imperial scholars--Imperial Palace for the test name of the second. "Second" later on in the name of "champion", Tang dynasty, the title did not found it.
In fact, place the name with the champion, and third overall, are the folk idiom, and unofficial term. On the official list issued by the Imperial Court, saying only that scholars a first, a second and a third name.
Second place in the Northern Song Dynasty Emperor Taizong on the name of rejuvenating the five years (980). First name champion, second to third place are known as second place, which means around second to third Division Champion, as their eyes. Such as Wang secluded in the early years of the Northern Song dynasty Zhu Yan predecessors sent a third person and State in the poem: "cargo liyang under Lake, eye Brown early in person in the table. "According to Qing dynasty textual research on Zhao Yi Gai • champion runner-up in third overall research:" Northern Song dynasty also call for the second place of the third party. Covered eye will have two, so the runner-up of the second or the third party that, subsequently to a third person for third overall, was designed with the second human second ear. "
"Tan hua," first appeared in the Tang dynasty, but was not refers to the Imperial Palace for scholars of the third, just a joke, and receive Government degrees the position-independent.
New jinshi in the Tang dynasty released in the spring of each year, it was the capital of Changan apricot blooming season, new scholars in order to enjoy in celebrating, to hold a garden party event, known as the "apricot garden banquet." Selection of scholars in which two young handsome as "Tan Hua", responsible for the garden picking flowers, meet the champion, so the two are called "Tan Hua-lang". In other words, the Tang dynasty "third overall" only represents a list of scholars in the youngest two, and Palace made the position without any contact.
The word extremely little in the five dynasties and Northern Song dynasty, five dynasties and Song dynasty's capital are not "apricot Garden", nature has no Tan Hua lang. When Tan Hua as scholars of the third generation, it's hard to really answer the question. According to Qing dynasty textual research on Zhao Yi Gai speculated that begins around the Ming dynasty, the scholar refer specifically to the Imperial Palace for the first name, second refers specifically to second, and third overall refer specifically to the third place, that eventually became fixed.